Cultural and Creative Sectors in Romania

Release date: May 29, 2020


According to the definition in the White Paper for Unlocking the Economic Potential of the Cultural and Creative Sectors in Romania [2016], the Cultural and Creative Sectors comprise the following subdomains: 1. Archives and Libraries, 2. Cultural Heritage, 3. Crafts and Handicrafts (non-industrial cultural and artistic activities grouped under the general title of culture and arts), 4. Performing Arts, 5. Architecture, 6. Book and Press (they generate cultural expression and are thus considered cultural sectors), 7. Visual Arts, 8. Audio-visual and Multimedia, 9 Advertising (designed on the principle of functionality, but they have a cultural dimension and are considered creative sectors), 10. IT, Software and electronic games, and 11. Research and Development (transversal sectors based on creativity and innovation, oriented towards functionality, but they are especially used as support for the other sub-sectors).

The main objective of the study The Economic Analysis of the Cultural and Creative Sectors in Romania during 2015-2018 is the analysis of the Cultural and Creative Sectors (CCS) from an economic and social perspective (regarding the employment in these sectors). The analysis focuses on the evolution of these sectors and thus, the study can be classified among the other research projects of the National Institute for Cultural Research and Training (NICRT) aiming at continually studying the evolution of the CCS by using the latest data and financial information.


The economic analysis is based on the commercial companies’ financial situations. The professional registered as Authorised Natural Persons (ANPs) are not included in this analysis because they use single-entry bookkeeping and, as such, do not annually produce synthetic financial situations (balance sheet, profit account, losses and appendices). For this reason, the indicators pertaining to economic contribution cannot presently be calculated for the ANPs.

However, in order to estimate the weight of professionals registered as ANPs, Individual Enterprises and Family Enterprises, NICRT has developed this page containing data from the National Trade Register Office.

Data source:

For the Economic Analysis of the Cultural and Creative Sectors – the annual financial situations of the commercial companies, Borg Design and the National Institute of Statistics.

For the Distribution of the Number of Authorised Natural Persons / Individual Enterprises and Family Enterprises that have a Cultural and Creative Sector main activity code (NACE) – the National Trade Register Office.